What is the normal blood sugar level, what physical symptoms might indicate hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia and what should we do to maintain the normal blood sugar level?
Why is it necessary to measure the blood sugar level?
Blood sugar (glucose) should be checked on regular basis: in case of a healthy person – an annual blood sugar check is enough. Diabetics and people suffering from diabetes have to measure their blood sugar level more frequently, even up to several times a day. Pregnant women should also test their blood sugar level. This glucose tolerance test is performed between 24-28 weeks gestation. People suspected of having hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia are also referred to undergo this particular test.
Blood glucose test allows to determine whether the blood sugar is maintained on its proper level. Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) occurs when the sugar level is too high. Symptoms of this condition include considerable thirst, which has no connection with physical activity, disease, etc., along with fatigue, more frequent urination, worsened vision and a phenomenon related with the impaired wound healing process.
Hypoclygacemia (low blood sugar), on the other hand, is associated with symptoms including intense sweating, increased appetite, muscle twitches, the feeling of uncertainty and a sense of being lost, as well as problems related with visual acuity.
How to check the blood sugar level?
Both of the above-mentioned conditions are considered as hazardous to health. It is crucial to test the blood sugar level to detect hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia as soon as possible. In order to do so, it is essential to either draw blood from the crease of the elbow (this procedure is performed at the laboratory) or to prick a finger with a special device, known as glucose meter (this test can be performed at home).
Blood glucose test should be performed on an empty stomach. It is recommended to avoid eating heavy meals for about 12 hours preceding the test. Before undergoing the blood sugar test, it is advisable to avoid physical effort, as this may affect the result of the test.
In case of performing the so-called random glucose test, this test can be performed at any time of day or night. Diabetics and people suffering from diabetes also verify the blood sugar test after meals by conducting such a test with the help of the glucose meter close to two hours after the beginning of the meal. Sometimes an oral glucose challenge test can also be done.
What is the normal blood sugar level?
Proper blood sugar level in an adult ranges between 70 and 99 mg/dL (when venous blood glucose testing is performed). In case of an oral glucose challenge test, the blood sugar level lower than 140 mg/dL is considered to be the normal blood sugar level in adults. The same parameters will also apply to the normal blood sugar level in pregnant women.
Results ranging between 100 and 125 mg/dL indicate the prediabetic condition, whereas results equalling 126 mg/dL and more, suggest the presence of diabetes. In such cases the test should be performed at least twice. These results apply to glucose tests performed in case of drawing the blood from veins.
Whereas in case of an oral glucose challenge test, the result ranging between 140 and 200 mg/dL indicate the prediabetic condition, and an estimate exceeding 200 mg/dL is directed towards diabetes.
How can I maintain the normal blood sugar level?
Various different factors impact the blood sugar level, and if we are capable to eliminate some of them, and as far as others are concerned – strengthen them, there is a good chance that we will have a normal blood sugar level.
Stress stands as one of the known factors known contributing to impaired blood sugar test results. It is possible to try and eliminate stress from our lives by spending more time outdoors, devoting more time to physical activity and choosing a different type of relaxation.
Diet is an absolutely crucial element, posing influence on maintaining the normal blood sugar level in human organism. People diagnosed with a high blood sugar level are advised to consume products with low glycaemic index, to quit animal fats and sugars. The diet of such people should include plenty of vegetables, multigrain products and skimmed milk. What is more, it is recommended to eat reasonable amounts of food, namely as much as your organism desires, and this means that you should neither overeat nor under eat.
What helps maintaining the normal blood sugar level?
There are herbs, substances, microelements and vitamins observed in nature that can slow the breakdown of carbohydrates, which in hand results in an appropriate digestion process and sugar absorption by the human organism. White mulberry, or her leaves to be more exact, is a plant known for such properties.
This particular plant was used as the basis for Menavitin Diabetix dietary supplement, which is the only product available on the market combining the white mulberry leaf extract with a unique, patent protected, 1-MNA particle. This product is recommended as a dietary supplement for adults willing to support the proper carbohydrate metabolism.